Performance, speed, or popularity? What are the most vital characteristics that developers seek in the tech stack? There could hardly be a single reason why certain frameworks rise while others become a thing of the past.
1. React stays on top
Did you know that in 2022 React was the second most commonly-used framework after Node.js? Congratulations to all React fan developers out there!
In 2011, React library came to life because of Facebook’s need to maintain the quickly evolving traffic for its services. The early-stage prototype for React was called FaxJS. It was not yet such a robust, efficient, and convenient library. This version of React helped developers to create user interfaces.
Source: FaxJs on GitHub
At Codica, our developers also like using React for building projects. For instance, we chose React to redesign a marketplace for boats to make it fast, user-friendly, and profitable. With this site, our client increased lead generation performance by 480% compared to the previous platform.
You can watch the short video where you can find out how the solution works in real life.
You may also like: How to Create a PWA with React
Source: npm trends
2022 was marked by the React 18 release that provides new approaches and concepts. One of the essential things is implementing the concurrency mechanism. React also offers new features, such as automatic batching and the concept of transitions. It provides new client and server rendering APIs and others.
Further reading: React App Development: UI, Styling, State Management, Testing
Our team monitors the state of React passionately and expects 2023 to be a great year for React developers. If you want to boost your efficiency, scoop the best practices and tools for React development in our article.
2. Node.js got a spike in demand
Node.js has quickly become one of the most popular programming languages. With is, developers began to build scalable apps many times faster and easier. It is adopted for building front- and back-end applications. In 2022, it saw stable growth in downloads.
Source: npm trends
Why has Node.js become so popular? Because its versatility makes development faster and brings high efficiency for the solutions.
Each of the following use cases embeds the Node.js’ capabilities:
- Websites with streaming media and resources with multiple file uploads. For example, Netflix.
- Real-time applications that process many short messages with the slightest delay. For example, LinkedIn and Trello.
- Applications based on microservices. For example, the interaction with PayPal needs to change. So, you can update only the PayPal service instead of the whole app.
3. Vue continues to evolve
Sometimes, it can be hard for a developer to choose between Vue.js and React for a project. Codica’s developers use both of these frameworks. We apply them for different tasks that occur during custom software development.
Vue.js is known for its modularity, elasticity, and progressiveness. A big community and excellent documentation also add up to its advantages.
In 2022, we saw the release of Vue.js – 3.2.45. Now, Vue.js is on its way to its 3.3 version. It has already boosted apps’ performance, smaller bundle sizes, and enhanced TypeScript support.
Let’s learn more about the Vue enhancements that will affect trends in JS frameworks in 2023.
The comparison between the previous version of Vue, Vue 3.0 and Vue 3.2, reactivity system indicates significant improvements, namely:
- Up to 260% faster read and 50% faster write in ref implementation;
- Up to 40% faster dependency tracking;
- Up to 17% less memory usage.
How did Vue 3.2 get such amazing results? The template compiler released in Vue 3.0 quickly renders the static content and flattens the template’s dynamic nodes. Now it has got several improvements. For example, the plain element VNodes can be created 200% faster.
Before the third release, Vue was well-suited mostly for small projects.
Building UI component libraries
The new method ‘define custom element’ allows building custom solutions using Vue component APIs. This feature enables developers to create UI component libraries driven by Vue, and it is compatible with any framework you use.
You can read more about the latest enhancements in the Vue blog.
4. TypeScript is growing rapidly
The solution from Microsoft is not the only one presented on the market. However, the state by GitHub shows that TypeScript is held firm in fourth place year-over-year. It remains one of the most used programming languages here.
Source: The State of the Octoverse | GitHub
Advantages of TypeScript
Optional static typing
TypeScript is based on structural, or ‘duck,’ typing. Using this language, you can create complex types by combining existing ones. For that purpose, you can use unions or generics. Also, this language supports interfaces.
Early bug detection
Large-scale solutions support
That is why TypeScript is among the 5 most loved programming languages in 2022, according to the Stack Overflow Developer Survey. The JS trends indicate that the popularity of this technology will continue to grow in 2023.
You may also like: Top Programming Languages to Shape Software Development in 2023
5. Angular improves performance and ergonomics
IBM, freelancer.com, Weather, and Forbes have built their websites using Angular, which:
- Thanks to Angular, websites ensure high performance that helps them stand heavy loads;
- Provides rich user experience with perfect responsiveness;
- With Angular, solutions support appealing visual animations and themes.
In 2022, took place the 14 Angular release. A new version of Angular comprises many bug fixes and new features introduced by community members. For instance, these are from implementing router-strong typing to more tree-shakable error messages.
The new techniques improve the development process and help developers deliver streamlined solutions. Read more about v14 updates in the Angular blog.
6. Svelte is growing by leaps and bounds
Since the release of the TypeScript version, this framework has brought so much interest in the developers’ community. Svelte is one of the top frameworks that satisfy most programmers.
Svelte is a lightweight framework that helps developers create robust web apps. React and Vue convert applications into Vanilla JS (framework that enables using JS without any additional frameworks or libraries) code during runtime.
In contrast, Svelte performs it during build time. Svelte acts as a compiler that allows running web applications in browsers without an abstraction layer.
Advantages of Svelte
We have heard that React is reactive. But Svelte finds another source of reactiveness other than React’s virtual DOM (Document Object Model). The thing is, all components in the Svelte app can have a state. As soon as you change the state of a component, the DOM gets updated.
The syntax of Svelte is straightforward and readable. Also, Svelte applications do not need much boilerplate.
The latest trends indicate that the usage of Svelte will continue to expand.
7. Jamstack serves millions
Jamstack is a web development solution stack that enables users to create fast and secure apps. Coined by Netlify, Jamstack has gone far beyond the JAM. It refers now to a broad architectural method of making sites with many libraries and methods.
The Jamstack Community Survey found that 47% of Jamstack developers work on edge-dynamic websites. Besides, these platforms attract millions of users.
The most prominent examples of getting the best of Jamstack are Louis Vuitton, Victoria Beckham Beauty, and others sites.
- Customization may be made as needed, so changes require less code.
- Markup and assets are delivered via CDN (content delivery network), ensuring better performance.
- The CDN also smoothes the scaling of your project if it experiences spikes or projected growth of traffic or expansion.
- Jamstack enables developers to use a microservices approach in building websites. So the app becomes much more maintainable.
- Jamstack pages are fast and light. These measures rank your project higher by Core Web Vitals, where load speed is one of the criteria.
- Server-side rendering mode helps generate content for highly dynamic websites when a user requests the page.
- Jamstack websites don’t have direct ties to sensitive information. So they are safe from hackers’ attacks.
- The solutions can use third-party APIs, such as weather forms or user authentication. So make sure that you have a backing code that saves your website from going down due to a third party’s API failure.
- Jamstack requires coding in many cases. It’s not totally plugin-friendly. Thus, you might need changes if your project is not connected to a CMS (content management system).
- You need to “create” every page after making changes. This process is inconvenient in the case of a website with many pages.
But Jamstack engineers work hard to solve the issues. With all its capabilities, Jamstack promises to stay trendy in 2023.
8. GraphQL is capturing data management
GraphQL is a query language released by Facebook in 2015. It can be used to power your JS apps.
This data management tool provides a flexible syntax for querying data from both the back end and the front end. Nowadays, it is used by many popular companies like GitHub, Pinterest, Coursera, Shopify, and many more.
The reason for GraphQL creation was Facebook’s need to increase the performance of data calls within their apps. And GraphQL did that job great.
Advantages of GraphQL
Fast data retrieval
This language collects data under a single endpoint. So to retrieve the needed data, programmers will need to perform just one API call.
Boosted query efficiency
The name of the language suggests that it uses graphs to define the data on the server. Such a graph-based scheme allows for delivering the data in packages rather than through multiple API calls.
This language supports arguments for each field and nested object, including scalar fields. This strong typing feature comes from the abstraction principle. In such a way, we reduce complexity and focus on the essential information.
9. Web components as building blocks
That is why these building blocks of modern apps are called framework-independent. Another name is agnostic web components. They facilitate web development and reduce the time and costs needed to create an application.
Custom Elements allow developers to create new autonomous HTML tags with fully-customizable behavior.
Shadow DOM makes it possible to encapsulate DOM subtrees into the web elements.
HTML Template provides a way to create markup fragments that do not affect the page load by being instantiated at runtime.
Advantages of web components
- Interoperability and flexibility
Reusability and encapsulation
Progressive web apps are gaining momentum now. Thus, progressive web application development services became a must for businesses that want to engage with their mobile customers efficiently. That is where web components could be of great help due to their small bundle size and quick runtime.
Besides, Codica’s developers have great experience in developing PWAs with great user experience. For example, one of our recent projects is a fitness app intended to ease communication between fitness trainers and their clients. Thanks to PWA, clients, and trainers can access this solution from any device without even installing it.
Below you can watch a client review on this efficient PWA solution.
10. Component-based architecture rocks
Component-based architecture decomposes the design into logical or functional elements. These elements embody well-known interfaces like methods, properties, and events.
This architecture strives to enhance component reuse. The components are self-deployable binary units that encapsulate functionality.
Speaking of the latest JS trends and front-end development in general, we could not omit to talk about an open-source platform called Bit. It is a great tool for sharing, storing, and organizing web components from any project. It helps increase code reusability and collaborate on separate components.
Advantages of component-based architecture
Ease of deployment
When you need to roll out a new version, you do not need to replace the whole system. Everything that relates to the specific component is declared within its class.
You can integrate third-party components and also divide the software costs across different apps.
Ease of development
Components use interfaces that help not to affect other parts of the application. The thing is, one level of architecture (the view in most cases) contains the logic, design, and helper functions.
You can conduct testing of the new components’ compatibility with existing apps or elements.
- Next.js. A react-based JS framework that is well-suited for server-rendered single-page apps. It supports hybrid static rendering, smart bundling, and route prefetching. Also, it comes with great TypeScript and SEO support. As of 2022, Next.js, with its new 13 version, showed a remarkable rise in popularity. You can see this growth in the image below.
Source: npm trends
Nuxt.js. It can be described as a Next.js on Vue. However, it is a framework that has its benefits. For example, it deals well with building universal web applications that can be executed on both the front-end and back-end sides. Also, it has fine meta tags management that boosts SEO.
Gatsby. React-powered framework for building e-commerce platforms, , landings, blogs, and progressive web applications. It provides programmers with code and data splitting. It is good in terms of velocity, safety, and SEO practices. At Codica, we are also big fans of Gatsby. We use this framework to build our company’s website. So, it is high-performing and works seamlessly.
VuePress. Static site generator developed by the creator of Vue, Evan You. It facilitates technical documentation handling. Using VuePress, you can get a pre-rendered SEO-friendly Single Page App with the use of just two commands. Also, you can use Vue components in your VuePress applications.
You may also like: The Power of CSS Processors in Web Applications Development
Nest.js. Node.js framework is powered by TypeScript. It is well-suited for the development of robust and scalable back-end web applications of all kinds. It catches the best ideas from object-oriented, functional, and reactive programming. Its architecture provides code modularity, the ability for testing, and maintainability.
Express.js. Node.js framework, primarily used for building RESTful API servers. RESTful API is an interface that two computer systems apply to share web information safely. It offers support for input/output request handling. Express comes with a collection of tools and middleware modules to facilitate the web development process. Also, it is easy to configure and scale.
Fastify. It provides a speedy and low-overhead alternative to the previous framework. Fastify features encapsulated plugins, hooks, and decorators that facilitate code reusability and decoupling. Also, it supports TypeScript, one of the most important current JS trends.
Related reading: Top Online Marketplace Trends to Watch out for in 2023
LitElement. Fast and lightweight tool for sharing components across projects and developing a UI design system.
Date-fns. Modern date utility library for browsers and Node.js. It is more lightweight than the Moment library.
RxJS. It is great for creating functional, asynchronous, and event-based programs by using observable sequences.
Agenda.js. Low overhead solution for job scheduling in Node.js backed by MongoDB.
Bull. Fast and reliable Redis-based queue for Node.js. Also, it has its TypeScript-written brother BullMQ.
Jest. Fast, safe, and well-documented library for building, running, and structuring tests.
Commander.js. Library for creating CLIs in Node.js inspired by the Commander library for Ruby programming language. It comes with TypeScript support.
In 2015, John M. Potter created this tool. He aimed to get his web application to production as soon as possible. Also, it was vital for him not to worry about the future of the app in case the used framework loses support.
He wanted developers can predict whether the developer community of a given library or package would be powerful in the future. And he succeeded. Now his site — npmtrends.com, is rife among developers.
Indeed, you mightn’t pick your framework considering the download counts only. Still, it can be a handy indicator. You should take it into account when selecting the framework for your web development.
The website npmtrends.com is very helpful when comparing the download rates of various packages.
Below you can see an image that demonstrates the comparison of different npm packages on the npmtrends.com website.
- Tutorial: Intro to React;
- Vue.js 3.2.45 Documentation;
- TypeScript Handbook;
- Web Components basics;
- Introduction to GraphQL;
- Svelte Introduction;
- PWA Guide by Google.
If you want a reliable web project with a great user experience, our team is here to help. You are welcome to contact us to discuss your idea!